Better teaching: Metacognition and Dunning Kruger

If you want your students to learn as much as possible, then you want to maximize the amount of metacognition they're doing.  Link Metacognition (or thinking about thinking) is the secret to and driving force behind all effective learning.
Detailed post from
What Kids Should Know About Their Own Brains Link By Annie Murphy Paul at
Metacognition for KS4 & KS5 Link List of related resources from Andy Lewis
Excellent guide for students Link Also put together by Andy Lewis
How to Help Students See When Their Knowledge Is Superficial or Incomplete Link By Daniel T. Willingham at
Students’ judgements of their own learning often exceed their knowledge on a given topic.
Instructor fluency leads to higher confidence in learning, but not better learning
Link  Though participants rated the fluent instructor significantly higher than the disfluent instructor on measures of teaching effectiveness and estimated that they had learned more of the material, actual learning between the two groups did not differ as assessed by a memory test 
Seminal paper (abstract) from

Meta-analysis of faculty's teaching effectiveness: Student evaluation of teaching ratings and student learning are not related

Link Paper abstract from
The Dunning Kruger effect   Also known as 'the illusion of knowledge'

“We propose that those with limited knowledge in a domain suffer a dual burden: Not only do they reach mistaken conclusions and make regrettable errors, but their incompetence robs them of the ability to realize it.”

Link wikipedia article
Implications of the Dunning Kruger effect Link Detailed discussion from